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B. Training Methods - Motivation Theory

  1. Training methods are most readily classified as formal or informal and on-the-job or off the-job.

  2. Historically, training meant formal training. It is planned in advance and has a structured format.

  3. Organizations are increasingly relying on informal training.

  • Unstructured, unplanned, and easily adapted to situations and individuals

  • Most informal training is nothing other than employees helping each other out. They share information and solve work-related problems with one another.

4. On-the-job training includes job rotation, apprenticeships, understudy assignments, and formal mentoring programs.

  • The primary drawback of these methods is that they often disrupt the workplace.

5. Organizations are investing increasingly in off-the-job training—nearly $60 billion annually.

6. What types of training might this include?

  • The most popular is live classroom lectures.

  • It also encompasses videotapes, public seminars, self-study programs, internet courses, satellite-beamed television classes, and group activities that use role-plays and case studies.

7. Recently, e-training (computer-based training) is the fastest growing training delivery mechanism.

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