Hierarchy of Needs Theory - Motivation Theory

Updated: Sep 16, 2020

Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is the most well-known theory of motivation. He hypothesized that within every human being there exists a hierarchy of five needs:

  • Physiological: Includes hunger, thirst, shelter, sex, and other bodily needs

  • Safety: Includes security and protection from physical and emotional harm

  • Social: Includes affection, belongingness, acceptance, and friendship

  • Esteem: Includes internal esteem factors such as self-respect, autonomy, and achievement; and external esteem factors such as status, recognition, and attention

  • Self-actualization: The drive to become what one is capable of becoming; includes growth, achieving one’s potential, and self-fulfillment

As a need becomes substantially satisfied, the next need becomes dominant. No need is ever

fully gratified; a substantially satisfied need no longer motivates.

Maslow separated the five needs into higher and lower orders.

  • Physiological and safety needs are described as lower-order.

  • Social, esteem, and self-actualization are as higher-order needs

  • Higher-order needs are satisfied internally.

  • Lower-order needs are predominantly satisfied externally.

Maslow’s need theory has received wide recognition, particularly among practicing managers. Research does not generally validate the theory.

Maslow provided no empirical substantiation, and several studies that sought to validate the theory found no support for it.

Thank You ...

86 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All

What Is Organizational Behavior? Motivation Theory

Managers need to develop their interpersonal or people skills if they are going to be effective in their jobs. Organizational behavior (OB) is a field of study that investigates the impact that indivi

D. Organizational Development - Motivation Theory

Organizational development (OD) is a term used to encompass a collection of planned-change interventions built on humanistic-democratic values that seek to improve organizational effectiveness and emp

mbanotes logo1.png
write us at : 

Follow us

  • Facebook

© 2020 by MBA Notes

www.mbanotes.org is an online portal which is one of its kind. It is a doorway beyond which lie all the answers for a student of The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) a master's degree in business administration, which attracts people from a wide range of academic disciplines. Whether you are a student of marketing, a fan of Phillip Kotler; or a person who is into the dynamics of managing people, the art of human resource; or a person who wants to be the next warren Buffett the master at making and managing money, we are here to serve everyone.

Keeping in mind the convenience of the visitors our efforts have been duly focused on making proper classifications. The idea is given shape by dividing the MBA curriculum into semesters and then into subjects so as to make sure that the students can get intended content in the least amount of time. We also allow and encourage students to share their own notes, projects, and presentations so as to give back to the community and help other students in their pursuit of knowledge.